Wachovia Bank, N.A. v. Harbinger Capital Partners Master Fund I, Ltd., 2008 NCBC 6 (N.C. Super. Ct. March 13, 2008) (Diaz)

Wachovia was first to file its claims in North Carolina Superior Court, but the Business Court nevertheless stayed the action in favor of a later filed New York action.

The claims in both cases involved Wachovia’s arranging of $285 million in credit for Le Nature, which collapsed in a massive accounting fraud. After the fraud was revealed, the Defendants purchased some of Le Nature’s debt on the secondary market with the express intention of suing Wachovia for alleged complicity in the fraud.

Wachovia, in an effort to preempt the expected lawsuit by the Defendants in New York, filed a declaratory judgment in North Carolina and obtained an injunction prohibiting the Defendants from asserting any "personal tort claims." Wachovia asserted that Defendants had engaged in "illegal trafficking in litigation claims."

Undeterred, Defendants went ahead and filed a lawsuit against Wachovia Capital Markets in the Southern District of New York alleging a RICO violation. Defendants then moved to stay the North Carolina action pursuant to N.C.G.S. Sec. 1-75.12 in favor of their own later filed action.  The Court granted the motion after considering the ten factors enumerated in Lawyers Mut. Liab. Ins. Co. v. Nexsen Pruett Jacobs & Pollard, 435 S.E.2d 571, 573 (N.C. App. 1993).


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The Court granted a Motion to Stay in this case, ruling that the plaintiff was required to litigate its claims in New York, even though its North Carolina action had been filed before the New York action.   N.C.G.S. Sec. 1-75.12 in favor of their own later filed action.  The Court granted the Motion after considering the

There were parallel actions challenging a merger, one in Delaware and one, filed first, in North Carolina. Defendant filed a motion to stay the North Carolina action. The Court identified twelve factors it would consider in such situations, including whether the issues should be settled in the corporation’s state of incorporation, the convenience of parties

The Court granted the defendant’s motion to stay the action so that a related action pending in New York could proceed, pursuant to N.C.G.S. §1-75.12. The Court considered the following factors: "(1) the nature of the case, (2) the convenience of the witnesses, (3) the availability of compulsory process to produce witnesses, (4) the relative